3. sep, 2017

A hypothesis about opposite pedagogies

Sometimes education research can offer an original "finding" of general interest. New Russian research on home education concludes: "If in traditional school education the parent is a welcoming and loving parent, then at home education the parent becomes demanding and controlling".

 Is it then an advantage that home and school practice different pedagogies?

The research conclusion up to now is the opposite: It is an advantage for children to have the same pedagogy at home and at school. This is why cultural middle class children, with liberal upbringing at home, perform well in open unstructured school landscapes, and working class children, it is best when school, like the home, has a clearly structured pedagogy, it is believed.

The new research turns this on the head: School and home work best when they are different and complement each other pedagogically. Not when they are pedagogically alike. The traditional (structured) school works best when parents at home practice liberal unstructured pedagogy, and vice versa.

Two pedagogic strategies in home education (HE) illustrate the point. 1) Christian conservative HEs provide structured pedagogy, in order to counteract the boundless liberal education they believe applies in public schools. 2) Alternative lifestyle HEs, on the other hand, use an open unstructured pedagogy (unschooling) to counteract a public school they believe is under the control of the government's structured pedagogy.

For example, the hypothesis of opposite pedagogies seems to be applicable to ADHD children. ADHD can be linked to boundless parenting strategies. Such children often benefit from structured pedagogy at school.

Modern children, who have an unstructured upbringing at home, will then do the best in a school with structured pedagogy.

Polivanova K.N., Lyubitskaya K.A.
Homeschooling_in_Russia_and abroad.
Journal_of_Modern_Foreign_Psychology_ _
2017  Vol 6  no 2.